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Карабах - Это Азербайджан. Нагорный Карабах.
(Karabakh - The Land of Azerbaijan. Nagorno-Karabakh).
http://youtu.be/N3jJ5HuYYI4




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Soundtrack:

EN Karabakh Shikestesi / RU - Карабах Шикестеси / AZE (Original) - Qarabağ Şikəstəsi
#Azerbaijan #Opera #Music #Ganja #Azeri


Few disagree that Puccini’s final opera Turandot ranks amongst his most famous and frequently staged pieces. Even those with little knowledge of opera will recognise the aria Nessun Dorma, sung by Prince Calaf as he promises to win over the Chinese princess Turandot’s heart from its opening chords. Despite this, few look at the sources for the plot. It is generally thought that Puccini came across the story when reading Schiller, and asked his librettists to work on it. However, Adami and Simoni refer to an earlier source – Carlo Gozzi’s play of Turandot. A lesser-known fact is that Gozzi picked up the plot from either De La Croix’s Thousand and One Days or the later version of Alain-René Lesage book. Even in the most learned circles, almost no-one is aware that the origins of the story should be attributed to the 12th century poet Nizami Ganjavi (1141–1209) and his Haft-Peykar poem, translated as Seven Beauties.

But who is Nizami and why is it important to know him? Nizami Ganjavi, a 12th century poet and philosopher born in Ganja – now the second-largest town in Azerbaijan – was one of the earliest exponents of multiculturalism, who also developed thoughts on gender equality that were way ahead of his time. As he wrote predominantly in Persian, Nizami became very popular outside his hometown, and his influence is still strong in the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. However, in the wider world, his oeuvre remains almost unknown beyond a narrow academic circle.

The story of Turandot is only one part of a larger work. Nizami’s Seven Beauties is an erotic, mystical, and symbolic piece. The poem is a romanticised biography of the Sasanian Persian Emperor Bahram V (420–439 AD) who successfully marries seven princesses from different parts of the world, from Byzantine to India. Several plots evolve in non-linear form, creating an interesting mix of entourage and intrigue. These are the stories about which colour can be best associated with the sensation of love evolving from black to white, from the most lusty and sinful feeling to the purest form.

Little research has been completed on the connection between the story of the colour red, as mentioned in the Seven Beauties, and Puccini’s Turandot. Such specialists as Dr Maria Teresa Giaveri, a professor of Comparative Literature from the University of Turin, and renowned Nizami scholar Dr Christine van Ruymbeke of Cambridge University, agree that the poet’s legacy remains open for further study and discovery by the general public.

Italian composer Lorenzo Ferrero agrees that Nizami’s legacy remains unknown, as librettists were unaware of the origins of the plot. He commented: “The only solution is the development of a greater interest by scholars in ‘Eastern’ authors and their cultural reality. Soprano Nina Stemme, who performed the role of Turandot in La Scala’s Expo 2015 opening season, shared her experience of getting acquainted with Nizami: “I realised that the origins come from Oriental culture, but I could not really trace it back. …Puccini has set it in China, but there is still a Persian prince, and Calaf is of Tartar origin… Puccini has sort of made it his own, and adapted it for his own means.”

A short animated video “The Story of Continuity: from Nizami to Puccini” narrates this complicated story of cross-cultural exchange.

A part of a curatorial initiative by Asli Samadova, a Milan-based freelance consultant and project manger, in partnership with the Azerbaijan Student Network, an NGO from Germany, the video is a pilot for a wider initiative entitled Milli Irsimiz – the National Heritage of Azerbaijan that aims at increasing both international and local awareness of Azerbaijani culture. The video can be viewed on YouTube and TED Education platforms.

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#Alhazen or Ibn al-Haytham - the father of #Optics and scientific method in #NationalGeographic Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey- PLEASE SHARE!
#NG #Cosmos #Islam #Astronomy #Science #IslamicScience #Muslims


Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: أبو علي، الحسن بن الحسن بن الهيثم), frequently referred to as Ibn al-Haytham (Arabic: ابن الهيثم, Latinized as Alhazen or Alhacen; c. 965 – c. 1040), was an Muslim, polymath and philosopher who made significant contributions to the principles of optics, astronomy, mathematics, meteorology, visual perception and the scientific method.

In medieval Europe, he was honored as Ptolemaeus Secundus ("Ptolemy the Second") or simply called "The Physicist". He is also sometimes called al-Basri (Arabic: البصري) after Basra, his birthplace. He spent most of his life close to the court of the Fatimid Caliphate in Cairo and earned his living authoring various treatises and tutoring members of the nobilities.

Alhazen made significant contributions to optics, number theory, geometry, astronomy and natural philosophy. Alhazen's work on optics is credited with contributing a new emphasis on experiment.

His main work, Kitab al-Manazir (Book of Optics) was known in Islamicate societies mainly, but not exclusively, through the thirteenth-century commentary by Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī, the Tanqīḥ al-Manāẓir li-dhawī l-abṣār wa l-baṣā'ir. In al-Andalus, it was used by the eleventh-century prince of the Banu Hud dynasty of Zaragossa and author of an important mathematical text, al-Mu'taman ibn Hūd.

A Latin translation of the Kitab al-Manazir was made probably in the late twelfth or early thirteenth century. This translation was read by and greatly influenced a number of scholars in Catholic Europe including: Roger Bacon, Robert Grosseteste, Witelo, Giambattista della Porta, Leonardo Da Vinci, Galileo Galilei, Christian Huygens, René Descartes, and Johannes Kepler. His research in catoptrics (the study of optical systems using mirrors) centred on spherical and parabolic mirrors and spherical aberration. He made the observation that the ratio between the angle of incidence and refraction does not remain constant, and investigated the magnifying power of a lens.

His work on catoptrics also contains the problem known as "Alhazen's problem". Meanwhile in the Islamic world, Alhazen's work influenced Averroes' writings on optics, and his legacy was further advanced through the 'reforming' of his Optics by Persian scientist Kamal al-Din al-Farisi (died ca. 1320) in the latter's Kitab Tanqih al-Manazir (The Revision of [Ibn al-Haytham's] Optics). Alhazen wrote as many as 200 books, although only 55 have survived. Some of his treatises on optics survived only through Latin translation. During the Middle Ages his books on cosmology were translated into Latin, Hebrew and other languages. The crater Alhazen on the Moon is named in his honour, as was the asteroid 59239 Alhazen.

An aspect associated with Alhazen's optical research is related to systemic and methodological reliance on experimentation (i'tibar)(Arabic: إعتبار) and controlled testing in his scientific inquiries. Moreover, his experimental directives rested on combining classical physics (ilm tabi'i) with mathematics (ta'alim; geometry in particular). This mathematical-physical approach to experimental science supported most of his propositions in Kitab al-Manazir (The Optics; De aspectibus or Perspectivae) and grounded his theories of vision, light and colour, as well as his research in catoptrics and dioptrics (the study of the refraction of light). According to Matthias Schramm, Alhazen:

was the first to make a systematic use of the method of varying the experimental conditions in a constant and uniform manner, in an experiment showing that the intensity of the light-spot formed by the projection of the moonlight through two small apertures onto a screen diminishes constantly as one of the apertures is gradually blocked up.

Alhazen was a devout Muslim, though it is uncertain which branch of Islam he followed. He may have been either a follower of the Ash'ari school of Sunni Islamic theology according to Ziauddin Sardar and Lawrence Bettany (and opposed to the views of the Mu'tazili school), a follower of the Mu'tazili school of Islamic theology according to Peter Edward Hodgson, or a possibly follower of Shia Islam according to A. I. Sabra.
Alhazen wrote a work on Islamic theology in which he discussed prophethood and developed a system of philosophical criteria to discern its false claimants in his time.[109] He also wrote a treatise entitled Finding the Direction of Qibla by Calculation in which he discussed finding the Qibla, where Salat prayers are directed towards, mathematically.

Alhazen described his theology: "I constantly sought knowledge and truth, and it became my belief that for gaining access to the effulgence and closeness to God, there is no better way than that of searching for truth and knowledge."

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#baku #azerbaijan #AzeriMusic #AzeriDance #Яллы #Баку

Кочари (азерб. köçəri) — азербайджанский танец, один из видов танца яллы. В переводе с Азербайджанского, а так-же других Тюркских языков слово "Коч" означает передвижение, либо кочевание с места на место.Так же слово кочари переводится с Азербайджанского как кочевник либо кочевнический.

Состоит из умеренной и быстрой частей. Музыкальные размеры 2/4, 4/4, 8/4. Ритмика упругая, импульсивная, с частыми синкопами. Сопровождается игрой на зурне; сочетание мелодии и аккомпанемента ударных инструментов создаёт полиритмический эффект.

Танец Кочари особенно популярен в Нахичевани, Зангезуре, Иреване, Шаруре, Садараке, Джульфе и Шахбузе. Кочари исполняется по торжественным случаям например на свадьбах.

Яллы (азерб. Yallı) — азербайджанский национальный танец, являющийся одним из самых распространённых коллективных хороводных танцев. Различными видами танца яллы считаются Кочари, Учаяг, Телло и Галадангалая.

Слово "ял" на азербайджанском означает ряд или цепь. Танцующие Яллы становятся в один или несколько рядов и двигаются в такт выбиваемый ударными.

Корни этого танца уходят глубокого в каменный век. Подтверждение тому являются наскальные рисунки найденные историческом заповеднике Гобуста в близ Баку на Абшеронском полуострове. Также в Гобустане найден оригинальный инструмент на котором исполнялся данный танец - Гавалдаш.

Гавалдаш (от тюркских слов — «гавал» - бубен и «даш» — камень) — это оригинальный камень-бубен, представляющий собой установленную плашмя огромную плиту. Из неё постукиванием можно извлечь ритмически чёткие мотивы.

Европейские игры (англ. European Games) — региональные международные комплексные спортивные соревнования среди атлетов Европейского континента, которые планируется проводить раз в четыре года под управлением Европейского олимпийского комитета (ЕОК). Первые Европейские игры проходят с 12 по 28 июня 2015 года в столице Азербайджана городе Баку.

Церемония открытия I Европейских игр состоялась 12 июня 2015 года на Олимпийском стадионе в Баку. на церемонии открытия выступила Леди Гага, исполнив песню Джона Ленона «Imagine»

На церемонии были представлены элементы азербайджанской культуры и истории: Азербайджанский поэт Низами и визуализация его произведений, Янар Даг и Петроглифы в Гобустане, Азербайджанские национальные мелодии и танцы такие как Сары Гелин, Кочари, Джанги. Так же тысячи танцовщиц закрыли центральную часть сцены подолами украшенными геометрическими фигурами, декоративными узорами азербайджанских ковров.

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#Azerbaijan #Hubble #Mugham #Вояджер #SoundsOfEarth

3D Изображения на видео с Космического Телескопа Хаббл.
«Вояджер» (англ. voyager, от фр. voyageur — «путешественник») — название двух американских космических аппаратов, запущенных в 1977 году, а также проекта по исследованию дальних планет Солнечной системы с участием аппаратов данной серии.

«Вояджеры» стали третьим и четвёртым космическими аппаратами, план полёта которых предусматривал вылет за пределы Солнечной системы. Первым в истории аппаратом, достигшим границ Солнечной системы и вышедшим за её пределы, стал «Вояджер-1»

К борту каждого «Вояджера» прикрепили круглую алюминиевую коробку, положив туда позолоченный видеодиск. На диске 115 слайдов, на которых собраны важнейшие научные данные, виды Земли, её континентов, различные ландшафты, сцены из жизни животных и человека, их анатомическое строение и биохимическая структура, включая молекулу ДНК.

Кроме изображений, на диске записаны и звуки: шёпот матери и плач ребёнка, голоса птиц и зверей, шум ветра и дождя, грохот вулканов и землетрясений, шуршание песка и океанский прибой.

Человеческая речь представлена на диске короткими приветствиями на 55 языках народов мира.Особую главу послания составляют достижения мировой музыкальной культуры. На диске записаны произведения Баха, Моцарта, Бетховена, джазовые композиции Луи Армстронга, Чака Берри, народная музыка многих стран.

Так же на золотой диск Вояджера был записан короткий отрывок Азербайджанской народной музыки - мугам, исполненной на Азербайджанском народном духовом инструменте Балабан, как одно из культурных достижений человечества в мировой музыке.

В 2008 году ЮНЕСКО объявило мугам одним из шедевров устного и нематериального культурного наследия человечества.

Муга́м (азерб. Muğam, مقام), или Мугама́т (азерб. Muğamat) — один из основных жанров азербайджанской традиционной музыки, многочастное вокально-инструментальное произведение. Мугам — это также общее название ладов азербайджанской музыки. Мугаму характерен импровизационный тип мелодического развертывания на основе определенного мугам-лада. Мугам исполняются как полностью (дестгях), так и по частям певцом-солистом (ханенде) с инструментальным сопровождением или в виде сольных инструментальных произведений (на таре, кеманче и др.)

Балабан (азерб. Balaban), или иногда баламан — Азербайджанский язычковый деревянный духовой музыкальный инструмент с двойной тростью. Представляет собой трубку с 9-ю игровыми отверстиями. 

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Dastgah Music, #AzerMusic#Mugam , #Hubble #Space

All 3D visualization is prepared on the basis of data from Hubble Space Telescope.

The Voyager program is a continuing American scientific program that employs two robotic probes, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, to study the outer Solar System. They were launched in 1977 to take advantage of a favorable alignment of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, and are now exploring the outer boundary of the heliosphere. Although their original mission was to study only the planetary systems of Jupiter and Saturn, Voyager 2 continued on to Uranus and Neptune, and both Voyagers are now tasked with exploring interstellar space. Their mission has been extended three times, and both probes continue to collect and relay useful scientific data.

Each Voyager space probe carries a gold-plated audio-visual disc in the event that the spacecraft is ever found by intelligent life forms from other planetary systems.The Voyager Golden Record contains 115 images and a variety of natural sounds "Sounds of Earth" , such as those made by surf, wind, and thunder, and animal sounds, including the songs of birds and whales. The record additionally features musical selections from different cultures and eras, spoken greetings in fifty-nine languages] and printed messages from President Jimmy Carter and U.N. Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim. The items were selected for NASA by a committee chaired by Carl Sagan of Cornell University.

A short selection of Azerbaijani mugham, played on the Azerbaijani wind instrument balaban, was included among many cultural achievements of humanity on the Voyager Golden Record, which was attached to the Voyager spacecraft to represent world music.

In 2003, UNESCO recognized mugam as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Mugham or mugam (Azerbaijani: Muğam) is one of the many folk musical compositions from Azerbaijan, contrast with Tasnif, Ashugs.

It is a highly complex art form that weds classical poetry and musical improvisation in specific local modes. Mugham is a modal system. Unlike Western modes, "mugham" modes are associated not only with scales but with an orally transmitted collection of melodies and melodic fragments that performers use in the course of improvisation.Mugham is a compound composition of many parts. The choice of a particular mugham and a style of performance fits a specific event. The dramatic unfolding in performance is typically associated with increasing intensity and rising pitches, and a form of poetic-musical communication between performers and initiated listeners.

Balaban (Azerbaijani: Balaban) is cylindrical-bore, double-reed wind instrument about 35 centimetres (14 in) long with seven finger holes and one thumb hole. This instrument is played in eastern Azerbaijan in Iran and in the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Balaban can be made of mulberry or other harder woods, such as walnut. The bore through the instrument is about 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) in diameter. The double reed is made out of a single tube of cane about six cm long and pressed flat at one end. The performer uses air stored in his cheeks to keep playing the balaban while he inhales air into his lungs.

The Music of Azerbaijan builds on folk traditions that reach back nearly 1,000 years. For centuries Azerbaijani music (Azeri Music) has evolved under the badge of monody, producing rhythmically diverse melodies. Azerbaijani music (Azeri Music) has a branchy mode system, where chromatisation of major and minor scales is of great importance.

Instruments used in traditional Azeri music (Azerbaijani Music) include the stringed instruments tar (skin faced lute), the kamancheh (skin faced spike fiddle), the oud, originally barbat, and the saz (long necked lute); the double-reed wind instrument balaban, the frame drum ghaval, the cylindrical double faced drum nagara (davul), and the goshe nagara (naqareh) (pair of small kettle drums). Other instruments include the garmon (small accordion), tutek (whistle flute), and daf (frame drum).

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‪#‎Karabakh‬‬ ‪#‎Parlament‬ ‪#‎NagornoKarabakh‬ ‪#‎Azerbaijan‬ ‪#‎armenia‬

It was reported earlier with reference to Armenian sources, as if leader of occupation regime in Nagorno Karabakh, Bako Sahakyan delivered the speech in British Parliament. However as it turned up in reality he only met with some deputies of some MPs in the building of British Parliament during the lunch.

By the way almost everyone can boast about "delivering speech" in the House of Parliament. You can just buy House of Parliament tour with following afternoon tea. The cost of the ticket is 19 pound, plus 27 pound for tea. It is a season now.

Conflict between Armenian and Azerbaijan started in 1988 due to territorial claims of Armenia to Azerbaijan. Nagorno Karabakh and seven other districts - 20% of Azerbaijan's territory are still under military occupation by Armenia. Armenian propaganda machine attempts to sell regime in Nagorno Karabakh as "independent state" in order to cover up its military occupation by "fighting for independence" cause of local Armenians in Karabakh. However the population of Karabakh is not just Armenian and all non-Armenians were murdered or expelled from Karabakh by Armenian military forces in 1990-s as a result of ethnic cleansing.

UN Security council issued 4 resolutions demanding unconditional withdrawal of Armenian armed forces from Nagorno Karabakh and all other occupied territories of Azerbaijan.
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#Karabakh #Карабах #Парламент #Parlament #NagornoKarabakh #Azerbaijan #armenia

Ранее в СМИ вышла информация со ссылкой на армянские источники, что якобы лидер оккупационного режима в Нагорного Карабахе, Бако Саакян выступил с речью в парламенте Великобритании. На самом же деле Саакаян провел в здании парламента Великобритании с помощниками каких-то депутатов какую-то встречу за обедом.

Для заметки, подобным "выступлением" может похвастаться любой из вас, купив билет на экскурсия по Британскому парламенту с последующим обедом. Стоимость билета 19 фунтов, плюс 27 фунтов за обед. Сейчас как раз сезон.

Конфликт между двумя южно-кавказскими странами возник в 1988 году ввиду территориальных претензий Армении к Азербайджану. Нагорный Карабах и семь прилегающих к нему районов — 20% территории Азербайджана — находятся под оккупацией вооруженных сил Армении. Армянская пропаганда пытается представить режим в Нагорном Карабахе как "независимое государство" чтобы прикрыть свою оккупацию банером "борьбы за независимость" местных армян.

В мае 1994 года стороны достигли режима прекращения огня, и до сих пор под эгидой Минской группы ОБСЕ и при со председательстве России, Франции и США ведутся пока еще безуспешные мирные переговоры.

Принятые Советом безопасности ООН четыре резолюции по освобождению оккупированного Нагорно-Карабахского региона и прилегающих к нему территорий до сих пор не выполняются Арменией.

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#Srebrenica #Bosnia #Serbia #Russia #ArmenianGenocie #Yugoslavia #Genocide

Совет Безопасности #ООН до среды отложил голосование по резолюции, которая осуждает резню в 1995 году, в результате которой за несколько дней были убиты более 8 тысяч мусульман. Причина - отсутствие консенсуса по документу, сообщает Associated Press.

Международный трибунал по бывшей Югославии а также Международный суд ООН признали события 11 июля 1995 года «самым кровавым эпизодом Боснийской войны 1992-1995 годов» и квалифицировали произошедшее как геноцид.
В проекте резолюции, который внесла Великобритания, предлагается «решительно осудить геноцид в Сребренице в 1995 году», а признание убийств боснийских мусульман геноцидом называется «предпосылкой для примирения» в Боснии и Герцеговине.

Россия заявила, что проект резолюции Совбеза ООН по Сребренице в своем нынешнем виде неприемлем. При этом Москва уже внесла на рассмотрение Совбеза ООН альтернативный вариант резолюции по Боснии и Герцеговине, в котором осуждаются не только убийства мусульман в Сребренице, но и преступления в отношении сербов.

Позиция России вызывает много вопросов особенно в контексте так называемого "геноцида" армян. Эти события, в отличии от Сребреницы, не одним судом мира геноцидом не признаны. В свою очередь Россия признала это "геноцидом" без всяких вопросов к преступлениям армян в отношении турков и курдов, ставших предпосылкой к переселению армян в 1915-м году из Восточной Анатолии в Сирию.

Отметим что Сербия до си их пор отказывается признать события в Серебреницы геноцидом.

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#SariGelin Beautiful Performance at #Baku2015 #EuropeanGames Opening Ceremony in #Azerbaijan - PLEASE SHARE!
#AzeriMusic #Balaban #Baku



Sari Gelin (Azerbaijani: Sarı Gəlin/ساری گلین), (Turkish: Sarı Gelin) is the name for Azerbaijani folk songs. Sari Gelin is written in Bayati genre of Azerbaijani poetry.

The word Gəlin in Azerbaijani and Turkish means someone who comes to the family (i.e. a bride), with its root in the Turkic word Gel (meaning "Come")

"Sari Gelin" in translation from Azerbaijani language means "Yellow Bride". The song narrates about young widow. There was a tradition in Western regions of Azerbaijan -- Nakhchivan and Erivan (Modern Yerevan) Khanates for young widow to wear yellow dresses.

The words "Saçın ucun hörməzlər" -- "One does not braid long hair (to the end)" also proves that, as how women were plaiting up their hear was the reflection if the she is married or widow.
'Sarı as a Turkic adjective means "yellow." Thus Sarı Gəlin can mean "golden", "blonde" or "fair-skinned" bride. In Azerbaijani it may also refer to a person’s soul.

Sari Gelin is usually played on Azerbaijani National Wind instrument Balaban. Balaban (Azerbaijani: Balaban) is cylindrical-bore, double-reed wind instrument about 35 centimetres (14 in) long with seven finger holes and one thumb hole. This instrument is played in eastern Azerbaijan in Iran and in the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Balaban can be made of mulberry or other harder woods, such as walnut. The bore through the instrument is about 1.5 centimetres (0.59 in) in diameter. The double reed is made out of a single tube of cane about six cm long and pressed flat at one end. The performer uses air stored in his cheeks to keep playing the balaban while he inhales air into his lungs.

On solemn occasions such as weddings and holiday ceremonies, a balaban-player is accompanied by a percussionist. A traditional Azeri musical group consisting of two balaban-players and a percussionist is called balabanchilar dastasi. In the past, the balaban was an essential musical element in the performance of mugham.

Kamil Jalilov's recording of the song with balaban was included on the Voyager Golden Record, attached to the Voyager spacecraft as representing mugham, only Azerbaijani song included among many cultural achievements of humanity

The European Games is an international multi-sport event contested by athletes from European nations. The Games were envisioned and are to be governed by the European Olympic Committees (EOC), which announced their launch at its 41st General Assembly in Rome, on 8 December 2012. The 2015 European Games, the first edition of the event, took place in Baku, Azerbaijan in June 2015, and further editions are planned every four years thereafter.

The opening ceremony started on 12 June in the Olympic Stadium. Singer Lady Gaga performed "Imagine", a cover from John Lennon at the event. The shapeshifting scene featured the representations of Yanar Dag and the Gobustan rock carvings, in particular.
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